• NamePeter Paul Rubens
  • Activity/Titlekonstnär
  • Sexmale
  • Nationality/DatesFlemish, born 1577, dead 1640
BiographyPeter paul rubens was born June 28th 1577 in
Siegen, Westphalia as the son of the lawyer Jan
Rubens and Maria Pypelinckx. The couple had emigrated
to Cologne in 1567 for religious reasons. They
stayed in Siegen for a short time but the year after
Rubens’ birth they were back in Cologne and around
1588 after the death of his father the family returned
to Antwerp. Rubens converted to Catholicism and
entered a Latin school, where he studied the classics.
He received his training as a painter in the studio of
the landscape painter Tobias Verhaecht for six months
in 1592 and later until 1596 with the portrait painter
Adam van Noort. After working briefly in the workshop
of Otto van Veen in 1598 he received the title of
Master and became a member of the Antwerp Guild
of St. Luke.
In May 1600 Rubens went to Italy where he
became court painter to the Duke of Mantua, Vincenzo
I Gonzaga. In 1603–1604 he was sent on a
diplomatic mission to the Spanish Court, where he
had the opportunity to admire the many Titians in
the collection of Philip III.
Rubens served the duke of Mantua for eight years
but he also visited other Italian cities such as Milan,
Venice, Florence and Genoa. In Genoa he worked for
distinguished Genoese families and painted several
full-length portraits. He spent lengthy periods working
in Rome, where he was able to study classical
sculpture and works by Raphael and Michelangelo.
Here he also met fellow artists such as Paul Bril and
Adam Elsheimer. Rubens’ most important commission
during his stay in Italy was the painting for the
high altar in the chiesa Nuova (Santa Maria in Valicella).
On his return to Antwerp at the end of 2008
Rubens quickly became the city’s leading painter. In
1609 he became a member of the Antwerp Guild of
Romanists and was appointed court painter to the
stadthoulder Albert and Isabella in Brussels. In the
same year he married Isabella Brant. In 1610 he
bought a large house at the Wapper which he remodelled
creating a spacious studio, galleries for his art
collection and a garden. He received several important
commissions from churches, among the most
important The Raising of the Cross (1610–1616) for the
high altar in the Church of St. Walburga and The
Deposition from the Cross (1611–1614) for the Cathedral.
He set up a large workshop with many collaborators
and assistants who worked from his drawings
and oil sketches, among them Anthony van Dyck,
who was his assistant c. 1617–1620. Alongside his
religious commissions Rubens painted history paintings
with mythological motifs and scenes from classical
literature. He also made book illustrations, designs
for tapestries, models for sculpture and collaborated
with engravers in order to multiply his compositions
in print. He continuously deepened his knowledge of
classical literature and he wrote in Latin, English,
French, Italian and Dutch while maintaining extensive
correspondence with scholars.
In connection with commissions and diplomatic
activities Rubens continued to travel abroad, to Paris
between 1622 and 1625 where he painted the Medici
Cycle, a series of 24 large paintings for the Palais du
Luxembourg. He travelled to Madrid and London
between 1628 and 1630. In Madrid he took advantage
of the opportunity to make copies after Titian’s paintings.
In June 1626 Isabella Brant died and in 1630
Rubens remarried the 16-year-old Helena Fourment.
In 1635 Rubens acquired the country estate of Het
Steen near Mechelen where he spent his last years
with his wife and children. He painted a number of
landscapes during these years that reflect his great
love of nature. In 1634–1635 together with other
Antwerp artists he created the festival decorations for
the triumphal entry into Antwerp in 1635 of the new
governor, the Cardinal Infante Ferdinand of Austria.
In 1636 Rubens became court painter to Philip IV in
Spain and in the same year he was engaged in the
decoration of the Spanish King’s hunting lodge, Torre
de la Parada, near Madrid. He also worked for the
court of England where he executed the ceiling paintings
in the Banqueting Hall in Whitehall, London.
He was knighted by Charles I. Rubens died at the end
of May 1640 and was buried in the church of St.
Jaques in Antwerp.
Work
Judith Beheading Holofernes
Susanna and the Elders
Titelsida, i centrum sockel med titeltext, omgiven av troféer, fångar samt varginnan med Romulus och Remus, överst sittande kvinna, staden Rom, lagerbekransad av Victoria
The Three Graces
Robin, the Dwarf of the Earl of Arundel
Titelsida, sockel med titeltext (bortklippt) omgiven av genier en med lyra, en med dubbleflöjt
Titelsida, kartusch med titeltext omgiven av två kvinnor, Rättvisan och Frikostigheten
Titelsida, sockel med titeltext flankerad av Petrus och Pauls, överst sittande kvinnan, Kyrkan, nederst vapensköld (påven Urban VIII/Barberini)
The Daughters of Cecrops Discovering Erichtonius
The Andrians
Titelsida, altare med titeltext flankerat av Apollon och en musa som vaggar den unge Hesiodos, överst vapensköld (påven Urban VIII/Barberini)
Titelsida, den knäböjande Salomo överlämnar en bok till den Gudomliga Visheten i bakgrunden det jordiska paradiset
Titelsida, i centrum arkitektoniskt titeltextfält omgivet av hermer, den gamla respektive den nya Lagen, överst en kvinna med brinnande facklor, Teologin
Titelsida portik med titeltext, omgiven av porträttbyster av Seneca och Tacitus, allegoriska figurer samt överst porträttmedaljonmg med författaren Joest Lips
Prins Ferdinands av Österrike intåg i  Antwerpen 1635, blad 1 titelsida
Titelsida, sockel med titeltext däröver en sittande kvinna, Religionen ,vid sidorna två kvinnor, Historien och Sanningen, nederst två allegoriska figurer symoliserande laster
Le Gouvernement de la Reine
Maria de` Medici landstiger i Marseille
Henry IV, King of France
Skattepenningen
Maria Medici
"Maria de Medici". Kopia efter förlaga av Rubens
"Bondedansen". Skiss efter förlaga av Rubens i Prado
The Four Fathers of the Latin Church
Susanna and the Elders
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